Classical artists tend to focus on the second step – which finger to play with. This means they focus more on the techniques and personal expression they bring to the table.
Jazz artists, on the other hand, focus on the first step – the step that determines what they will play. They often alter the notes they play, are willing to improvise, and adapt to creating unexpected harmonies.
“It’s possible that different processes have been set up in their brains (artists) while playing each genre, and that makes the transition difficult,” said Daniela Sammler, a neuroscientist at MPI CBS.”
Therefore, pianists have to mimic hand movements and react to abnormalities in the music, while signals from their brains are captured by sensors. To ensure that there are no other interfering signals, for example the sound of the instrument, the whole experiment was performed in silence using a mute piano.
“We found neurological evidence of flexibility in setting harmonics when jazz artists play,” said Roberta Bianco, a researcher at MPI CBS. “When we asked them to play a chord within the developmental range of a standard chord, their brains started repeating the chord faster than the classical musician. They reacted better and continued their performance ”. However, classical performers performed better than jazz performers at fingering. Their brains is more awareness of fingering. Therefore, they make fewer mistakes while playing.
Two completely different processes take place in the brains of jazz and classical music pianists. Using the EEG sensors to record the EEG, the researchers detected an increase in theta waves (a type of wave produced when we face a collision) in the pianist’s brain classic when they have to play an unusual chord. This delays their response, while the brains of jazz artists can quickly change to play chords on demand.