Jazz music and interesting knowledge for beginners (Part 3)

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New York (also around 1920)

The jazz movement in Chicago spread to New York and added more unique innovations, including the stride-piano style. The New York Jazz also brings together more bands of greater caliber and quality investment.

Famous names can be mentioned such as James P. Johnson and Duke Ellington. Some hits to listen to are  The Charleston ,  Carolina Shout  (James P. Johnson) or  Flaming Youth  (Duke Ellington).

Swing / Big Band Era (circa 1930 ~ 1945)

Since the 1930s, jazz has been enjoyed by some middle-class Americans due to its deep connection to African American culture. Big Band Era was born with a large number of musicians, originating from the Great Depression period that caused many jazz musicians to lose their jobs and have to gather into large groups to make a living while pursuing their passion.

Different from the quick play style before, the groups in the Big Band Era era played music more freely and “adventure”. This playstyle is swing music, a style of dance music that influences the many branches of dance that followed it (eg Lindy Hop). In addition to jazz, the groups during the Big Band Era era also played according to American music standards, bringing even more jazz quality.

Big Band Era groups disbanded gradually after World War II as the economy began to recover and it would be more costly to maintain a large group. Swing music also fell into oblivion.

You can check out more names like Fletcher Henderson, Benny Goodman, Count Basie, Duke Ellington and Cab Calloway. The songs to listen to include  It Don’t Mean a Thing  (Duke Ellington),  Sing Sing Sing  (Benny Goodman) and  Minnie the Moocher  (Cab Calloway).

Jazz after Big Band Era

Since its inception, jazz has always aimed to become the trending music genre. This means that it has to make the listener bounce, or at least hit his feet or hang his head. In the 1940s, however, jazz had turned in a new direction. Instead of composing according to public tastes, jazz artists now compose according to what they like. This inadvertently helps jazz become more diverse, no longer just limited to a popular theme or style.

The jazz style began to become abstract, what artists and jazz lovers referred to as “improvisation.” New experimental styles began to emerge, success has been, and failure is also. Real jazz has never been so rich. During this period artists also began to blend different jazz styles to create their own form, as well as works composed by “cramming” as many musical instruments as possible. Generally speaking from this point it is difficult to clearly divide the sub-branches in jazz music.